CAS: 498-15-7, 13466-78-9
FEMA No: 3821
Carene is a bicyclic monoterpene with a unique propanol ring;is has a sweet citrusy odor. Carene has been implicated in helping differentiate and stimulate calcium production in bone cells. The terpene is also effective as a toxin for mosquitos.
Rosemary, Cedar, Pine
Carene exposure was examined in the differentiation process of mouse osteoblastic MC3T3-E1 cells, which are involved in making bone structure. Carene was found to help stimulate differentiation of the cells. On differentiated cells, carene significantly promoted the induction of calcium, a key sign of bone mineralization.
Brazilian pepper oil, its main constituent being carene, was proven to be as an insecticide for S. Aegypti, yet safe for other aquatic organisms. The terpene was also shown to be a repellant as well in a separate study. The synergistic effect of coumarins, flavonoids and terpenes from the Lippia javanica extract had an additive effect on the repellency. One more study also inferred the toxicity of carene on two other human disease vector mosquitoes, Cx. quinquefasciatus and An. gambiae.
- The essential oil of Brazilian pepper, Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi in larval control of Stegomyia aegypti (Linnaeus, 1762)
- Lippia javanica (Burm F) Spreng: its general constituents and bioactivity on mosquitoes (PDF)
- Insecticidal activity of the essential oil from fruits and seeds of Schinus terebinthifolia Raddi against African malaria vectors
Common strains high in Delta 3 Carene
Arjan’s ultra haze #2 1.22
Super silver haze 0.49
Super lemon haze 0.92
- Formula: C10H16
- Molecular Mass: 136.23 g/mol
- Relative Density: 0.864 g/mL at 20 C
- Boiling Point: 170 C
- Flash Point: 55 C
Delta 3 Carene is also know by these other names
- 13466-78-9 [RN]
- 2-05-00-00095 [Beilstein]
- 3,7,7-Trimethylbicyclo[4.1.0]hept-3-ene [ACD/IUPAC Name]
- Bicyclo[4.1.0]hept-3-ene, 3,7,7-trimethyl- [ACD/Index Name]
LD50: Rat 4800 mg/kg
Storage: Room temperature, proper ventilation, spark proof environment
Flammable liquid and vapor. Store in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool. Store locked up. Keep away from heat / sparks / open flames / hot surfaces. No smoking. Keep container tightly closed. Ground / bond container and receiving equipment. Use explosion-proof electrical / ventilating / lighting / equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. In case of fire: Use dry sand, dry chemical or alcohol-resistant foam to extinguish. May be fatal if swallowed and enters airways. Causes skin irritation and may cause an allergic skin reaction. Avoid breathing dust / fume / gas / mist / vapours / spray. Wash skin thoroughly after handling. Contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace. Wear protective gloves / eye protection / face protection. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTER or doctor / physician. IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Rinse skin with water / shower. Do NOT induce vomiting. If skin irritation or rash occurs: Get medical advice / attention. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Dispose of contents / container to an approved waste disposal plant.
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